Useful Tips

How to mine in Minecraft

Ore - these are special blocks in Minecraft, which are the key point of the game. All ores are mined only with a pickaxe, and if you try to get it with another tool (or with your hand in general) they will simply collapse without any drop. Some blocks are mined in order to craft tools / armor / weapons, while others have other uses. If you melt iron or gold ore into ingots, you can make a similar block out of nine identical ingots. Blocks can also be crafted from diamonds and ultramarine. Such blocks are needed to save free space in chests or as an expensive building material. Redstone, on the contrary, is not used as a building material, but it is the main thing in creating electrical circuits, circuits, watches, compasses and potions.

All ores can be remelted in the oven (built from 8 cobblestones, which are placed in a circle of workbench cells). I do not recommend remelting non-metallic ores, since this is extremely unprofitable. The fact is that during smelting, only one unit of material is always obtained, and if mined directly from the ore block itself, much more mineral can drop. Iron and gold bars are naturally mined exclusively by remelting ore blocks.

The most common ore on all generated maps is coal. This ore is found everywhere: in caves, in mines, on rocks and underground. Before this ore it is not always necessary to dig a tunnel, as it is found right on the surface. Coal ore is found in five blocks, but veins with a huge amount of ore (from ten blocks to fifty) are often found in caves, because of this, many players begin to ignore it and stop mining without special need. Coal from coal ore is easily mined using any pick (even wooden). If we combine coal with sticks, we get extremely useful torches, which for some reason are always lacking. Coal can also be used as fuel for kindling a furnace or a motor trolley.

In the latest versions of the game, when mining from coal ore, only one unit of coal drops. But if you use a pickaxe enchanted for good luck, then you can achieve a significant increase in coal production.

All coal ore makes up about 1.25% of the total amount of stone. The prevalence of ore does not depend on the height at which you dig.

Ingots smelted from iron ore are the most commonly used resource in the game.

Iron ore is found in the lower part of the game world and mainly at a height from the admin to 64 blocks. Most often, iron can be found underground or in natural caves. However, occasionally iron is also found directly on the surface. From adminium to block 61, the concentration of iron ore is reached at about 0.72%, and each chunk on average contains 84 iron ore.
Iron ore cannot be mined with a wooden pickaxe, so stone, iron or diamond pickaxes must be mined.

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Iron ore needs to be remelted in the stove, which will allow to obtain iron ingots. Iron ingots allow you to craft a huge number of tools, armor, flint and a lot of other useful items. Players prefer to use precisely iron tools because of their availability, good efficiency and ability to get almost any blocks encountered.

In server game worlds, when large states are founded, iron is often endowed with the role of currency. This trend is based on the fact that iron is needed in most craft and no player can do without iron. Scissors, pickaxes, buckets, armor and weapons - all require the use of iron ingots. For example, it takes 24 iron ingots to create only one iron set.

Gold ore is extremely rare, but despite this, it can hardly be called valuable. The armor, tools and weapons that are made of gold breaks very quickly, so it is useless to craft them. The only worthy application is crafting watches, electric rails that accelerate trolleys.

Gold ore is found in small veins from two to nine blocks and below a height of 32 blocks. From bedrock to block 28, gold ore accounts for approximately 0.14% of blocks, relative to stone. One generated chunk accounts for 7.52 blocks of gold ore.

Gold ore is mined with iron or diamond picks and smelted in furnaces to produce gold bullion.

Lazurite ore is a rather rare block with an extremely narrow range of applications. Given that this is non-metallic ore, then for its subsequent use it does not need to be smelted. When mining ore, it drops from four to eight units of blue dye, with which you can dye wool, sheep, mix with other dyes or simply craft a lapis lazuli block.

Lapis lazuli can be mined with stone, iron or diamond picks. Lazurite generation occurs at altitudes below the 32nd block. At a height of 19 blocks, the concentration of this ore increases significantly and is approximately five hundredths of a percent. The frequency of lapis lazuli is 1.5 times higher than diamond.

If you extract blocks using a pickaxe with a silk touch, then you can use the blocks for decorative purposes or remelted in ultramarine (not profitable). In addition, the extraction of lapis lazuli can be extremely effective when using picks enchanted by a luck spell. But there will be no particular benefit from this.

Despite the fact that lapis lazuli blocks are quite rare and have an attractive appearance - their value is very doubtful because of the too narrow range of applications.

The textures of all other ores contain the same vein distribution, which differ only in color. Lazurite ore, on the contrary, has a slightly different texture and looks very different. Lapis lazuli blocks also differ from blocks that are crafted from other ores.

Red ore is used to extract red dust. Blocks of red ore have a unique property - when you hit a block or simply step on it, the block will emit bright light for several seconds.

Red ore is a fairly common block. Typically, red ore blocks are generated by cores of one to ten blocks. You can meet deposits at a height of from zero to sixteenth block. Below the 14th height there is a 1% chance of encountering red ore. One chunk generates approximately twenty-five blocks of red ore.

If you extract red ore with an iron or diamond pickaxe, then 4-5 pieces of red dust will fall out. That is why red dust is considered readily available material. Red dust can be used immediately, without preliminary re-melting.

Mining red ore with a pickaxe enchanted with a “silk touch”, you can make amazing floor designs. In addition, blocks can be re-melted, but this is not an effective way to extract red dust (redstone).

Red ore is a source of redstone mining, which is used to create complex mechanisms, craft items and blocks, and also in potions. Using red dust in cooking potions can extend the time during which the potion will act. When activated, this unit is updated, which expands the possibilities for building complex traps and secret doors. At a height where red ore reaches its maximum concentration, it occurs even more often than iron ore.

In general, due to the high concentration of red dust, many players consider it very cheap and unnecessary, but it is not. If you build high-quality houses, closely engage in potions, then this ore is of very high value. Thanks to it, you can build truly amazing mechanisms and even facilitate and automate the harvest.

Diamond ore is the most valuable and very rare ore in the Minecraft world. In addition, natural blocks are also the rarest in the game.

Diamond ore is not found only until the 19th block in height. Diamond ore veins reach sizes of 8 blocks. If you mine diamond ore at an altitude below 18 blocks, there is a 0.08 percent chance to meet its deposits. From this we can conclude that having broken about 870 blocks at this height, with one probability of 50% one diamond core will be found. The average amount of diamond ore that is generated in one chunk is approximately 3 blocks.

If you mine diamond ore with ordinary iron or diamond picks, then one diamond will fall out of each block. But if you pick with a pickaxe with the spell “luck”, then this amount will be increased to 1-4 diamonds.

Players even devised whole techniques for finding and mining diamonds. Personally, I advise you to acquire two additional picks that will be used only in the direction of diamond ore blocks. Enchant one pickaxe for good luck, and the second for a silk touch.

So, you take ordinary pickaxes + a pickaxe with a silk touch with you to the mine. And put the pickaxe with "luck" at home in the chest. You ask, why not use the pickaxe for good luck right away? Firstly, luck is a rather rare enchantment, which will be very sorry to lose. Secondly, a silk touch will allow us to collect natural blocks in parallel for further decorative use. Digging tunnels is in such a way that you still have a kind of pillars, this will increase the chance of finding diamonds. When finding a diamond core, it is necessary to completely dig it from all sides, especially from below. This allows you to immediately detect all parts of the vein (sometimes it is generated diagonally) and eliminates the possibility of diamonds falling into the lava. Make the booty itself with a pickaxe on a silk touch.

Attention! When mining diamonds, always inspect the area for creepers. It will be very unpleasant if the creeper detonates right near or even on the diamond core, thereby destroying part of the precious loot. Also, as often as possible, return to your chests and put the extracted good there. No one is safe from accidentally falling into lava.

When you have accumulated a sufficient number of diamond blocks - return home. Place them near the chest and immediately break with a pickaxe, which is enchanted for good luck. As a result, you will have much more diamonds than if you mined them using an ordinary pickaxe.

The most effective and durable tools, weapons and armor are crafted from diamonds. In addition, you can craft a diamond block, an enchantment table, and a record player.

Diamonds are the most common currency on Minecraft servers. They are used as barter and as the very unit of calculation in economic modes. Due to the rarity of diamonds, many players associate them with success in the game. After all, getting a lot of diamonds is not so easy and requires a lot of effort.


All ores can be remelted in the furnace and the corresponding material is obtained at the outlet. For non-metallic ores, this is an unprofitable way of extracting material, since only one unit of material will be obtained during remelting, while mining of mineral from the ore block can bring a greater amount of resource.


In Beta, the following distribution of ores by height exists (the height begins with the lowest level of bedrock). After Beta 1.8, the upper limit of finding gold, red stone and diamonds became 2 blocks lower.

Ore typeUsual
location to ...
More often
found on ... table 1
Rarely between ...Never higher ...Worst Pickaxe Required
Ordinary world
Coal ore Height 128Height 5-52Height 129-131Height 132
Iron ore Height 64Height 5-54Height 65-67Height 68
Gold Ore Height 29Height 5-29Height 31-33Height 70
Emerald ore table 2 Height 29Height 5-29Height 30-32Height 33
Lazurite ore Height 23Height 14-16Height 31-33Height 34
Red ore Height 12Height 5-12Height 13-15Height 16
Diamond ore Height 12Height 5-12Height 13-15Height 16
lower world
Lower World Quartz Ore Height 120Height 15-120Height 124-125Height 126

  1. ↑ Based on experimental data
  2. ↑ Only in the mountain biome.

Red ore is located at the same level as diamond ore, but it is generated 8 times per chunk versus 1 time per diamond chunk.

Gold ore in Table Mountain biome begins to be generated at an altitude of 70.