In a previous article, I talked about how to keep a cock in an aquarium. In this article I will talk about how to care for a cockerel and an aquarium for him.
To facilitate understanding of the essence of the process, fish care can be divided into several stages:
- Maintenance of the aquarium and aquarium equipment
- Regular water change
- Keeping the water temperature constant
- Fish feeding
Most often, males are kept in small mini aquariums, which imposes strict requirements on the cleanliness of the aquarium. Water in a small aquarium quickly deteriorates when poorly maintained, which leads to the appearance of a bad smell from the aquarium and severe poisoning of the fish.
It is enough to stop siphoning the soil regularly and rinse the aquarium filter fillers, as the smell from the aquarium will not keep you waiting. Then, the concentration of hydrogen sulfide or ammonia increases sharply, and the cockerel dies.
To prevent such a development of events, regularly siphon the soil in the aquarium, remove dead plant leaves and rinse the sponge of the aquarium filter.
When looking after a cockerel living in a small aquarium, maintain the aquarium weekly. Filter fillers can be washed once every two weeks if the fillers do not clog up with dirt earlier.
Care for the aquarium with a cock includes regular water changes. If the cockerel is contained in a small 5-10 liter aquarium, then 20-30% of the water is replaced 2-3 times a week. Otherwise, they are limited to a one-time weekly substitution.
Why do I need to replace a water cockerel? Small aquariums do not have a stable biological balance due to the small volume of water and a weak filter. The nitrogen cycle of the aquarium does not have time to decompose organic debris to safe nitrates. Instead of nitrates in the aquarium, an increase in the level of nitrites, ammonia and ammonium begins, which are deadly for fish.
By regularly changing the water in the aquarium with a cockerel, you reduce the concentration of hazardous substances, which positively affects the well-being of the fish and the biological balance, which becomes more stable. Caring for a cockerel is inconceivable without regular water changes. This is an axiom.
Males are tropical fish who do not like the low temperature of the water. For these fish, it is necessary to maintain the temperature in the optimal range of 26-30 ° C.
An aquarium heater with a temperature regulator keeps the temperature of the aquarium water constant, which simplifies the care of the cockerel. Water in small aquariums has a bad tendency to heat up quickly and also cool quickly. Daily fluctuations in water temperature negatively affect the health of the cockerel. Fluctuations in water temperature weaken the immunity of the cock, exposing the fish to infections and diseases. The heater equalizes the temperature of the water, making it easier to care for the aquarium.
When caring for a rooster, remember that the constant temperature of the water in the aquarium is the key to proper maintenance.
Beginners consider feeding a separate item for keeping fish. But to consider caring for a fish separately from feeding is a mistake.
When caring for a cockerel, do not diversify the diet of the fish. In nature, males feed on insects, worms and larvae, so live food is necessary. On sale there is a specialized feed for males enriched with the necessary vitamins and minerals. This food enhances the brightness of the cockerel.
Males are unpretentious in food. Fish with equal pleasure absorb dry, lively and plant food. This simplifies the care of the fish, but do not feed the cockerel with one type of food. Monotonous food badly affects the splendor of the fins of the cock and the brightness of the color, so give preference to live food or special for males.
They feed the fish twice a day, giving the amount of food that the fish can eat at a time. Feed should not be scattered at the bottom of the aquarium. The remains of the food, decomposing, poison the water, which is exacerbated by the small volume of water due to the small aquarium.
It’s easy to take care of the cockerels. It is enough to keep the aquarium clean, keep the water temperature constant and feed the fish in a variety of ways. Upon closer examination, the problems of caring for males turn into the problem of a lazy or inexperienced aquarist.
The birthplace of fish is considered to be Southeast Asia. Males are characterized by a pugnacious disposition, because of which they began to be used for tournament fights. For this reason, they are called fighting. The species belongs to the macropod family. It belongs to the group of labyrinth fish (individuals have a labyrinth organ that allows them to additionally breathe atmospheric oxygen). Under natural conditions, fish live in stagnant waters or in slow-moving bodies of water. Wild individuals are characterized by a grayish color with an olive tint, the presence of stripes on the body. The fins are short, rounded in shape. The size of the fish is 4-9 cm. Other types of males have been bred by breeders:
- veiled tail
- flag tails
- crescent tail
- carpal tails,
Domesticated aquarium forms of males have a striking appearance. In the aquarium, these fish are considered the most beautiful. They are characterized by a variety of colors in the red, blue, yellow spectra:
Fins in males are longer than in females. The color of the latter is paler. It is not recommended to keep a male cockerel in large aquariums with other inhabitants, because with likely skirmishes the beauty of the fish will suffer, the cockerels can attack even calm neighbors with veil fins. Perhaps keeping with other fish species females without long fins. You cannot keep two fighting males together; they will fight. In the water column of a large aquarium, the development of veil fins in fish occurs unevenly. The mini aquarium is a comfortable environment for fighting fish. Males tolerate loneliness well, so you can keep 1 individual separately. The list of requirements is less, how to care for a small aquarium, in comparison with the maintenance of large tanks.
Preparation of a mini-aquarium and its settlement
Experienced aquarists recommend choosing only spacious aquariums for the fish, for 1 individual should have at least 5 liters of water. Recommended optimal tank volume - from 10 liters. The main criteria for arranging a mini-aquarium:
- The right choice of aquarium shape is important. Often practiced keeping a cock in a round aquarium, sometimes used cans, glasses or glasses. In the last three options, the pet has nowhere to turn around, he may die. The round shape of the container is inconvenient during processing, such an aquarium cannot be cleaned with a scraper. Some sources indicate harm to the vision and health of the pet from keeping them in a round bowl. It is better to keep your pet in a rectangular container.
- The fish dwelling should not be closed tightly, since it should remain possible to rise to the surface of the water and breathe. To prevent the pet jumping out, it is better to use a soft mesh.
- In systems of aeration and filtration there is no need in connection with the features of the device of the respiratory organs of males. Of the accessories, only a small water heater should be purchased.
- A small amount of soil should be placed at the bottom. To do this, use any type of gravel, stones, glass beads, balls. No chemical residues should be present on items.
- After the arrangement of the soil, plants and small decorations are placed so that they do not interfere with the movement of the fish in the water. It is better to use artificial plants in a small aquarium, but they should not injure the fins of a cockerel with sharp edges. Living aquarium plants look more beautiful, but in a small space they quickly spoil water under the influence of heat, sunlight and other factors. It is best to choose plants from silk.
- Filtered drinking water is poured into the tank. Distilled water is not suitable, because there are no minerals necessary for the pet in it. Tap water should be dechlorinated first.
- Before starting a pet in a prepared aquarium, you need to stand for a day.
- The aquarium is recommended to be placed in a quiet place where it is not hot, and there is moderate lighting. Intense sunlight will provoke the growth of green algae, the proximity of heating devices will affect the temperature of the water, and the rooster will experience stress from the noise, fin rot may begin.
A pet bought in a store is placed in a container next to the equipped dwelling so that the water in the containers becomes the same temperature. After that, the container with the fish is lowered into the tank so that the fish can move independently. You can transfer the fish using a net.
Maintenance and care
Aquarium males live no more than three years. In care, the cockerel is unpretentious. These fish feel great at a temperature of + 24 ... + 28ºC. The water temperature should not drop for a long time, otherwise the fish will become ill. Excess temperatures accelerate metabolic processes, shortening the life of the pet. For the owner of the fish, the cockerel maintenance and care is reduced to the basic rules:
- Feeding is carried out in small portions 1 or 2 times a day. It is unacceptable to overfeed a fish. The diet includes live (artemia, earthworm, tubule, bloodworms), dry and frozen food (rotifers, artemia, daphnia, bloodworms). It is recommended to give food as much as the fish can eat in 15 minutes. If you feed more, the pet will fatten and become ill. The food that has fallen to the bottom should be removed immediately so that the water does not deteriorate.
- The fish is not capricious with water parameters. It is recommended to maintain acidity from 6 to 7.5, and hardness in the range of 4-15. There are no strict requirements.
- In a mini-aquarium, water needs to be changed frequently. Due to the lack of filtration in the water, ammonia accumulates, the pet's vital products. With a volume of 4-5 l, the contents change every 3 days, with 8 l - every 5 days, with 20 l - weekly.
- Each time when changing the water, the walls of the tank and the scenery should be cleaned. Contaminants and green algae are removed. If there are live plants in the aquarium, cut off dead areas. When washing a fish’s home, you can’t use soap and other detergents, because the smallest traces of chemical compounds will enter the fish’s digestive system.
It is necessary to monitor the fins and behavior of the pet. If there are signs of poor health, you should change the water, in many cases this is enough. Often the fish are kept alone, without practicing breeding of males. Under these conditions of detention, it should be remembered that females can leave eggs inside themselves. In the absence of spawning, the accumulated caviar turns into a cyst, due to which the fish can die. In the initial stages, nutritional restriction helps. Sometimes pumping eggs is practiced, but the procedure requires great care, otherwise you can damage the fish. A pair for breeding males is carefully selected. Compatibility of various types is taken into account. When crossing some forms, the appearance of defects in the offspring is possible. For spawning, individuals older than 4-5 months are selected. Reproduction of males is not carried out more often than 1 time in 2 weeks. A reservoir is being prepared (from 10 l), which is ennobled by shelters and vegetation. 10-14 days before spawning, the males are seated. The male is placed first in the spawning ground, which begins preparing the nest from air bubbles. Small bubbles combine on the surface of the water or under vegetation. The female sits down, after courtship, she releases the eggs, which the male cockerel picks up. He will protect the offspring, raise fallen eggs in the nest. The female is not involved in the cultivation of fry. After spawning, it is sedimented. If you keep a cockerel in compliance with simple rules, it will not hurt, allowing its owner to enjoy its beauty.